- Order Horace Campbell's recent book, Global Nato and the Catastrophic Failure in Libya
- Welcome to horacecampbell.net. Horace Campbell is Professor of African American Studies and Political Science at Syracuse University, New York. His recent book is Global NATO and the Catastrophic Failure in Libya. He is the author of: Rasta and Resistance From Marcus Garvey to Walter Rodney; Reclaiming Zimbabwe: The Exhaustion of the Patriarchal Model of Liberation; Pan Africanism, Pan Africanists and African Liberation in the 21st Century; and Barack Obama and 21st Century Politics. Follow on Twitter @Horace_Campbell.
Tuesday, January 4, 2011
Which way Sudan? A Pan African Reflection
As the people of South Sudan prepare for the January 9 referendum to decide if they want a separate state, the country stands at the crossroads of the Africa of wars, conquest and enslavement and a future of peace and reconstruction. At the November 2010 meeting of the Inter Government Authority on Development (IGAD), an agreement was reached between North and South Sudan to establish a ‘soft border’ between the two areas ahead of the referendum. We have to interrogate if this concept of a ‘soft border’ is another recipe for war in Africa.
Complex historical legacies – slavery, Arabization and Islamization – weigh heavily on all Sudanese, especially the Southerners. The wealth of Sudan attracted invaders into a region and for centuries precipitated resource wars. People from Arabia were also attracted to this region and participated in the enslavement of Africans. These legacies call for a historical rendering to cleanse former slave dealers from arrogant attitudes of perceived superiority, beyond the referendum.... More